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The Techniques and Methodologies Available

and the Process for the Valuation of a Closely Held Business (Part 1 of 2) Assessing shareholder value for either publicly held or privately held companies are two sides of the same coin. The U.S. capital markets have undergone significant changes in the past several years. This development in turn has had an impact on how these two types of companies are valued. Valuing public companies can be rather strai ...

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Minimizing goodwill impairment differences globally: No fast or simple solution

Particular challenges can arise in goodwill impairment valuation and accounting when a company acquires a business located in another country.   When goodwill accounting standards are strictly applied, under U.S. GAAP or IFRS, the differences between write-offs taken in one country versus another should be minimal. This article delves into some of the notable differences in goodwill impairment conclusions w ...

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Managing Uncertainty for Market Advantage

Modeling Uncertainty to Gain Better Insight and Create Value Gary Lynch, founder and CEO of The Risk Management Project, proposes that uncertainty is the new normal and that firms that espouse risk management can create and preserve value. In this article, Lynch describes how his firm used quantitative models to assist a manufacturer assess how it should respond to a competitor’s price-reduction strategy an ...

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Development and Application of Company Management-Prepared Projections in a Dissenting Shareholder Appraisal Action Context

The proper usage of company management-prepared projections when applying the Income Approach—Discounted Cash Flow Method—is an ongoing issue for any valuation analyst, especially as it relates to shareholder appraisal rights actions. The Delaware Chancery Court regularly provides guidance as to the proper usage of management projections when applying the Discounted Cash Flow Method within a dissenting shar ...

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2015’s Dirty Dozen Tax Scams

Phone fraud tops this year's list of the biggest IRS tax scams of 2015, states Sally P. Schreiber, JD, senior editor of Journal of Accountancy, followed by phishing, identity theft, return preparer fraud, and hiding income offshore, rounding out the top five scams. The article delves into the many schemes, including suspicious e-mails, detecting identity theft, refund fraud, fake charities, and more, and in ...

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Stakes are High in Business Valuations for Estate and Gift Tax Reporting

Thoughts from Experienced Litigation and Business Valuation Professionals Entering the Industry In this article, seasoned BV and litigation support professionals John DelGrego and Heidi Walker share why litigation can be invaluable to a BV professional. The co-authors also expound on the professional perils and high expectations placed by the Tax Court on expert witnesses. Expert witnesses must be objective ...

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Confronting Corruption

Corporations globally are faced with the complex problem of corruption, states Ravi Venkatesan in “Confronting Corruption” in McKinsey Quarterly.  It takes many forms, and perpetrators are skilled in developing new ways to be corrupt and cover their tracks. In corporations, there are multiple types of corruption, including bribes, extortion, speed money, and employee fraud.  The first steps into anti-corrup ...

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Using ESOPS in Succession Planning

A Case Study An ESOP is one of many options available to business owners considering succession-planning options. There are substantial advantages, but there are also regulatory and cost considerations. A feasibility study may suggest whether the ESOP is an appropriate option. In this article, authors Kelly Finnell and Andrew Holmes share their views on when an ESOP is feasible using a case study. ...

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Buy-Sell Agreement

A Drop-Dead Plan for the Unprepared In this article, Edward Mendlowitz shares his views regarding the importance of having a buy-sell agreement. He proposes a “drop-dead plan” or method that, while imperfect, addresses how owners can arrive at an initial value that does not necessarily require a Conclusion of Value, especially if the owners are not related. Significantly, Mendlowitz stresses the importance ...

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A Note on ESOP Valuation

A Note on ESOP Valuation[1] One of the most critical issues regarding valuation is the concept of adequate consideration.  The ESOP trustee cannot pay more than “adequate consideration” for the stock it purchases.[2]   In the context of an ESOP, ERISA defines adequate consideration as the stock’s “fair market value…as determined in good faith by the trustee…”[3]  The proposed Department of Labor regulations ...

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