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Best Practices for Reasonableness of Employee Compensation Analysis

(Part I of III) This article about excess compensation is comprised of three-parts. Part one summarizes the facts regarding Clary Hood, Inc. v. Commissioner and the U.S. Tax Court’s holding. Part two of this series describes the Tax Court’s analysis and conclusions regarding the reasonableness of compensation issues. Part three describes the Tax Court’s analysis and conclusions regarding Section 6662 penalt ...

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Employment Newsflash

FTC Proposes Rule to Ban Non-Competes On January 5, 2023, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) that, if adopted, would functionally serve as a complete ban on non-compete clauses and contractual provisions or employment policies that have a similar effect with limited exception. The 60-day comment period runs through March 7, 2023. On January 5, 2023, the Federal ...

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Lawyers, Judges, and Experts

Their Changing Roles and Responsibilities The Frye and Daubert decisions shook the legal world and the standards enunciated also shook the valuation world. In this article, the author shares some recent Maryland developments and surmises that there may be more changes coming that will affect the role of lawyers, judges and experts. In my 30 years as a Judge on three different Maryland Trial Courts and the l ...

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Is BIPA Liability Lurking on that Company’s Balance Sheet?

An Additional Consideration for Business Valuation and Forensic Accountants When Valuing a Company The Biometric Information Privacy Act (BIPA), 740 Ill. Comp. Stat. 14/1 et seq., is not just for Google and Facebook. While the technology giants have been sued for allegedly violating BIPA, so too have countless other companies. In the last few years, plaintiffs have sued hundreds, if not thousands, of compan ...

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What is in the Purchase Price?

It is all Based on Your Perspective The purchase price of a transaction can look vastly different. Therefore, when considering the prices of various transactions, it is important to know how those prices have been calculated so that one has a consistent perspective and is not comparing apples to oranges This article illustrates the various perspectives that may emerge in connection with a purchase price. Wi ...

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New Detailed Cost of Capital Case Study: Step-by-Step Comparison of the Kroll Cost of Capital Navigator, BVR Cost of Capital Pro, Damodaran Data, and Surveys

VPS StraightTalk Webinar, October 20, 2022 This summer and fall 2022, within the business valuation profession, one of the most contentious issues has been “which cost of capital should business valuation professionals use when valuing a small business?” First, Dr. Damodaran advocated the implied equity risk premium with the capital asset pricing model without adding a size premium or company specific risk. ...

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Finding Hidden Assets

Where to Start? In forensic accounting, whether litigation is contemplated or not, the key to the most reliable conclusion is starting with accurate and complete information. Under the best of circumstances, the primary source of this information is your client. On the other hand, when the person or entity you are requesting from is an adversary, there is little incentive for cooperation. Regardless of the ...

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Will Social Media Marketing Work for You?

Answer These Five Questions How do you know if social networking will work for you? If you are using social media and not getting results, are you wasting precious time? If you are not using social media, are you missing out on a gaping opportunity? The author of this article has invested about 16 years on LinkedIn and about five years on YouTube. Based on what he has done and the results he has achieved in ...

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The Continuing Saga of Amber Heard and Johnny Depp

Is Bankruptcy the Next Stop and is a “Fresh Start” Available for Amber Heard? The well-publicized defamation case of Johnny Depp and Amber Heard resulted in a substantial judgment against Heard. Setting off the amount awarded to Depp, Heard will be liable for approximately $8 million in compensatory and punitive damages. If Heard files for relief under bankruptcy law, is that judgment dischargeable? What ca ...

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A Hybrid Approach to Determining Company-Specific Risk

Using Weights and Factors to Quantify Risk This is a condensation of the author’s article, originally published in The Value Examiner, July/August 2022. The author proposes an alternative way of calculating the company specific risk premium. This is a condensation of my article originally published in The Value Examiner, July/August 2022. Most of us who value businesses are not valuing businesses in the mid ...

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Is Non-Traditional Debt Financing Right for You?

A Five-Step Process to Secure Debt Refinancing For anyone dealing with a company that has a troubled balance sheet, maintaining cash flow is critical to determining an optimal go-forward approach. In many cases, the go-forward involves a transaction such as a merger or sale. But, to get to that point, a stressed or distressed company must maintain the liquidity it needs to continue running the business whil ...

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Do Not Double Tax Your Business

How the PTE Tax Can Impact the Valuation of Pass-Through Entities This paper explains how the PTE tax in Massachusetts and several other states affects the valuation of a business and how business owners can account for this tax to avoid double taxation. Introduction Taxes can have a significant impact on the value of a business. Pass-through entities such as S-Corporations and partnerships generally do not ...

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Legal Update

November 2022 The importance of consumer protection laws can seem unfathomable when you see a label on a sweater reminding you to remove the child before laundering, but laws prohibiting deceptive trade practices and false advertising exist because the incentives to run roughshod over consumers are significant. Since the individual harm resulting from consumer fraud is often small, those laws often provide ...

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The Impact of Inflation

On Business Valuation The effects of inflation on consumers’ spending and psyche are well-known. The difficulties each causes in day-to-day life are often discussed. Inflation has affected everything from the cost of transportation to the cost of food and housing. What is less discussed, however, is how the current inflationary period is affecting small business owners and their companies. In this article t ...

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Company Specific Risk

Alleged Best Practices to Whom? Peter J. Butler, CFA, ASA, MBA, founder of Valtrend, LLC and inventor of the Total Cost of Equity Calculator (TCOE), responds to comments made by Robert Reilly and Connor Thurman regarding best practices used to arrive at the company specific risk; the latter article did not discuss the TCOE and here he “key[s] in on Part III—the section which addresses empirical evidence in ...

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What Does Your Big Picture Look Like?

It is that time of the year when we take stock of what we accomplished, what we did not, and plan for next year. But chances are, you may be too focused on tasks you can check off when they are done and not the big picture goals or where they are leading you towards—or not. This article discusses the importance of taking-in the big picture—the goals, strategies, and tactics—as one develops and/or reviews th ...

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Looking Back to Go Forward

A Review of the Basics for Lost Profits (Part III) This is the third installment of this series. The first part provided an overall introduction to this review of the basics for lost profits. The second part reviewed the similarities and differences between estimating lost profits and litigious based business valuations. This installment takes a deeper look into the methods for calculating lost profits. Fou ...

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Key Insights into Valuing Companies in the Real Estate Sector

The Consistency of Data and Trends The real estate sector encompasses a variety of activities, limited only by the imagination, including: selling, leasing, management, development, appraisal, title services, and investment. When valuing businesses linked to the real estate market, whether directly or indirectly, it is essential to examine both the risk and the cash flow generating ability of each company. ...

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Financial Statement Fraud

Taking Another Look at Perpetrators and Their Schemes—Can a Testifying Expert Witness Rely on the Financial Statements and/or Other Financial Reports Provided? For more than a decade, the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE) has published its report on global occupational fraud. The term occupational fraud refers to frauds that are committed by individuals against the organizations that employ th ...

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Voidable Transfers at Issue in Sandy Hook Litigation

The Statute of Elizabeth Lives On The Sandy Hook school massacre is the subject of multiple pending litigations commenced by the families of students killed in the tragedy. Alt-right radio show host and prominent conspiracy theorist, Alex Jones, is the main target of these actions following years of broadcasting that the shooting was a hoax. The initial actions are based on allegations of defamation and int ...

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