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The National Association of Certified Valuators and Analysts® (NACVA®) has been educating and credentialing CPAs and other financial advisors to support business owners in understanding the value of their business for the past quarter century. NACVA’s  global Certified Valuation Analyst® (CVA®) designation is the most widely recognized valuation credential and the only business valuation credential accredited by the National Commission for Certifying Agencies® (NCCA®).

Best Practices for Bankruptcy-Related Property Appraisals

Part I of IV This is the first article of a four-part series. This initial article summarizes the generally accepted property appraisal approaches and methods that appraisers typically consider in a bankruptcy-related assignment. This discussion also describes the property appraisal synthesis and conclusion process. Due to the litigious nature of a bankruptcy proceeding, bankruptcy-related property appraisa ...

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The Appraisal Process

An Outline for Making Awards Useful and Final (Part III of III) Appraisal is a frequently used and often maligned method to adjudicate disputes in the property insurance world. Typically, appraisal is used for the purposes of evaluation only and will not bring finality to a claim in which coverage, or, in certain jurisdictions, causation is also being disputed. Although the perceived advantages of appraisal ...

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My Unimpeachably Abductive Inference

Conclusory Conclusions and Opinionated Opinions Tests of Time The current valuation environment tends to be more about supporting the conclusion of value based upon the chosen approach and methodology with consideration of all three approach to business valuation far too often involving little more than the analyst placing a wet finger in the air and saying “ah yes, a discounted cash flow.” This eleventh ar ...

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The Appraisal Process

An Outline for Making Awards Useful and Final (Part II of III) Appraisal is a frequently used and often maligned method to adjudicate disputes in the property insurance world. Typically, appraisal is used for the purposes of evaluation only and will not bring finality to a claim in which coverage, or, in certain jurisdictions, causation is also being disputed. Although the perceived advantages of appraisal ...

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The Appraisal Process: An Outline for Making Awards Useful and Final

Guidelines for Resolving Disputes in First Party Property Insurance Claims (Part I of III) Appraisal is a frequently used and often maligned method to adjudicate disputes in the property insurance world. Typically, appraisal is used for the purposes of evaluation only and will not bring finality to a claim in which coverage, or, in certain jurisdictions, causation is also being disputed. Although the percei ...

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Alternative Ways of Pricing Valuations

And Valuation Consultations Business valuation reports are somewhat of a competitive product. We may not feel that way because of all the effort we put into them, but many clients do not understand the value to them and look at the valuation as a “mechanical” process. Additionally, there are many other valuation preparers that provide valuations at fees substantially below what a valuation professional migh ...

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Understanding Complex Compensation in Marital Divorce

VPS StraightTalk Webinar, June 22, 2022 On June 22, 2022, VPS StraightTalk Webinar held a webinar that featured Marc Bello. This article summarizes the issues presented in the webinar, “Understanding Complex Compensation in Marital Divorce.” “Understanding Complex Compensation in Marital Divorce” by Marc Bello, CPA, ABV, CVA, MST, Partner with Edelstein & Company, LLP, was broadcast by VPS StraightTalk ...

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How Our Brains Work

Tied Into Business Valuation This article provides readers with current information that emphasizes how the brain works. Understanding how the brain works and factors that may affect it positively or negatively may impact conclusions and factors that find their way into a business valuation. There are potential biases and/or blind spots. The author is not a neuroscientist but shares neuroscientific knowledg ...

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Declining Popularity and Uncertain Outlook for SPACs

A Shake-up in the Evolution of the Healthcare Industry? As covered in a May 2021, NACVA QuickRead article, special purpose acquisition companies (SPACs) began tremendous growth in 2020 and looked to be a new mainstream avenue of investing. Two years later, the growth of SPACs across all industries, including healthcare, has plateaued and appears to be dropping in some industries. This article will examine h ...

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Determining the Price for One

When All You Have is the Price for Many (Patents) It is rare for all patents included in portfolio license or sale agreements to have equal value. In a patent infringement case, the individual values of the patents are needed. So, when only a small subset of patents are at issue, how can we estimate their worth? This article provides insight as to how value can be adduced. It is rare for all patents include ...

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Resolving or Explaining Valuation Disputes

Through Pop Culture References It often takes more time and skill to explain something simply and shortly and less time to use a lot of words, spreadsheets, and technical jargon. Nevertheless, pop cultural references can be used to quickly crystalize issues because many people are familiar with them and their underlying meaning. This article identifies some pop cultural references that can be used to help r ...

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What Changes to the Lease Accounting Standards Means

For Business Valuations Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 842: Leases is the lease accounting standard published by the Financial Accounting Standards Board, which replaces prior guidance from ASC Topic 840. ASC 842 brings previously off-balance sheet operating leases onto a company’s balance sheet. The new standard takes effect for private companies in fiscal years starting after December 15, 2 ...

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Common Pitfalls to Avoid in a 409A Valuation

How to Avoid Them! A 409A valuation refers to a method of determining the value of a company's common stock. In other words, the 409A valuation is a method of calculating fair market value (FMV) according to the regulations under the Internal Revenue Code (IRC). This valuation can be carried out using various types of valuation methodologies, however, it is important to avoid pitfalls in 409A valuation when ...

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Criteria for Claiming a Worthless Security Income Tax Deduction

A Claim That is Not Just for Corporations Many taxpayers are familiar with the Internal Revenue Code Section 165 worthless stock deduction. Taxpayers often call on valuation analysts to analyze and document the worthlessness of the stock of a corporate subsidiary or of some other common stock equity interest. The Section 165 loss deduction also applies to the worthlessness of a partnership interest, limited ...

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Fixed Payments May Avoid Unreasonable Compensation at Nonprofits

Internal Revenue Code § 4958 imposes excise taxes on the excessive portion of compensation paid by a non-profit organization. Excise taxes must be paid by “disqualified persons” who receive unreasonable compensation as well as by the individuals who approve it. Despite the “excise tax” label, these taxes are generally considered to be a severe form of penalty. In considering whether compensation is unreason ...

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Competitive Strategy Assessment in Appraisals

What Forces Drive the Competition in the Industry? The author of this article shares his thoughts on the book, Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors. This was a book he had read sections of during his university days, but this time around, read it with a new vantage point considering his education and experiences since then; particularly in the business valuation field. H ...

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Consideration of Goodwill

It is Not Just for Divorce Anymore Personal and enterprise goodwill are not just relevant in marital dissolution cases; they are important considerations in bankruptcy, tax, business succession planning, execution of buy-sell agreements, and transactional matters. These other matters present practitioners with additional ways of differentiating their services. In this article, the author shares the importan ...

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Valuation Considerations Related to Equity Incentive Compensation Plans

Consider the Tax Consequences of Stock Awards, Stock Option Awards, and Partnership Profits Interests This discussion summarizes what analysts need to know about the taxation issues and the security valuation issues related to private company equity incentive compensation programs. It focuses on both the taxation aspects and the valuation aspects of implementing an equity incentive compensation plan at a pr ...

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Unimpeachably Unauthoritative Authority

Citation Omitted What makes the world of expert witness services so daunting at times is the fact that so much goes unsaid, untaught, or undefined. For example, the most recent international glossary used by valuation and appraisal professionals across the globe does not define what a conclusion or opinion is. Since saying the silent part out loud seems to be the popular thing to do, this tenth article of t ...

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Incorporating Country Risk Premium Differentials

Into the Market-Based Valuation (Part II of II) This is the second of the two-part article regarding country risk. In this second part, the author discusses how to incorporate the risk into multiples. Read Part I here. Incorporating Country Risk into Multiples Having found the value of the country risk premium required, we can proceed with incorporating it into the market-based valuation. It is worth mentio ...

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