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National Association of Certified Valuators and Analysts

The National Association of Certified Valuators and Analysts (NACVA) supports the users of business and intangible asset valuation services and financial forensic services, including damages determinations of all kinds and fraud detection and prevention, by training and certifying financial professionals in these disciplines.

Number of Entries : 2352

Decrypting Coinbase Accounts

A Guide for Forensic Analysts As cryptocurrencies become more mainstream, it is vital for forensic analysts to understand and analyze digital currency data. Forensic analysts are increasingly being brought in to trace and help recover crypto assets in criminal matters, such as money laundering and other fraud prosecutions. There is also a noticeable increase in the use of forensic analysts in civil litigati ...

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Legal Update

May 2022 For more than 400 years, the limited liability protection of corporate entities has been perhaps one of the greatest accelerators of economic growth and capital formation in the industrialized world. Despite the benefits, corporations have also been used as vehicles to cheat creditors with bad guys hiding behind the “corporate veil.” Over time, courts have developed a strategy for creditors to “pie ...

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Rationalization and Concealment

Signs of Ethical Deterioration The 21st century has brought not only the worst pandemic in over 100 years, but also an alarming deterioration in ethical culture. We see examples of this in the types of fraud being perpetrated, as well as in the behavior of elected officials, athletes, business owners, and wealthy parents of students. Where is this trend headed, and can it be reversed? In this article, the a ...

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Being Different is More Profitable Than Being Better

There are two ways to set ourselves apart from the competition—be different or be better. Being different is more effective, but it takes some effort to demonstrate how we are different. Being better is less effective, but it takes almost no effort to draft the usual platitudes. The author shares his views on the respective choices and rewards. There are two ways to set ourselves apart from the competition: ...

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Criteria for Claiming a Worthless Security Income Tax Deduction

A Claim That is Not Just for Corporations Many taxpayers are familiar with the Internal Revenue Code Section 165 worthless stock deduction. Taxpayers often call on valuation analysts to analyze and document the worthlessness of the stock of a corporate subsidiary or of some other common stock equity interest. The Section 165 loss deduction also applies to the worthlessness of a partnership interest, limited ...

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Fixed Payments May Avoid Unreasonable Compensation at Nonprofits

Internal Revenue Code § 4958 imposes excise taxes on the excessive portion of compensation paid by a non-profit organization. Excise taxes must be paid by “disqualified persons” who receive unreasonable compensation as well as by the individuals who approve it. Despite the “excise tax” label, these taxes are generally considered to be a severe form of penalty. In considering whether compensation is unreason ...

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Tax Aspects of Lost Wages Claims

Show Your Workings! Many engagements to determine or rebut a lost wages claim include many elements established by the expert. This article focuses on the tax aspects of an award, specifically, how should the plaintiff receive a tax component award and, if so, how should this award be calculated. Many engagements to determine or rebut a lost wages claim (in an alleged wrongful termination, improper denial o ...

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Michelle Gallagher, Z. Christopher Mercer, and James Hitcher

Three Experts Convene to Answer and Discuss Pressing BV Issues On March 1, 2022, Jim Hitchner hosted a webinar that featured Michelle Gallagher and Z. Christopher Mercer. While the respective speakers provided some questions in anticipation of the webinar, the audience sent questions and these were answered. The unscripted webinar provided attendees an opportunity to assess what was foremost in the mind of ...

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What Forensic Accountants Should Consider When Analyzing a Business Interruption Insurance Claim

Following a Ransomware Attack As businesses continue to rely on computers and digital storage of important data, cyberattacks are a growing potential threat to these organizations—especially now, as businesses have transitioned their workforces to work remotely. There are many types of cyber threats, and the pandemic has driven a surge in ransomware attacks. Ransomware is malware specifically designed to di ...

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Three Common Ratios I Do Not Like

Alternative Means to Effectively Gauge Business Operations and Assist Owners Three ratios that are widely used have validity because they are either used in business valuations, loan covenants, reports to stockholders in Form 10-Ks, used when financial statement analyses are performed, or have familiarity because they have become entrenched in the system. The author of this article considers reliance on the ...

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The Role of the Financial Forensic Expert in Dispute Resolution

Changes in the Methods of Dispute Resolution In this article, Steven I. Platt, a retired Maryland Circuit Court judge, founder of The Platt Group, Inc., and QuickRead’s newest editorial board member, shares with readers the changes he sees affecting civil court proceedings, rise of alternative dispute resolutions, and opportunities that are becoming available to credentialed business valuation and financial ...

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Taking Risks vs. Doing Hard Work

Most of us want big results with our practices. We want to be sought after in our industry and have a line of prospects waiting to become clients. We want fees that reflect our value and not our time. The question is: What are we doing to make that happen—taking risks or doing the hard work? In this article, Rob Burkert discusses the consequences of each choice. Most of us want big results with our practice ...

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2021 Healthcare M&A in Review

Indications for 2022 After an understandable slowdown in 2020, due to the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, merger and acquisition (M&A) activity in the healthcare industry accelerated in 2021, and the industry is expected to continue the high number of deals and high deal volume in 2022. This article will review the U.S. healthcare industry’s M&A activity in 2021 and discuss what these trends may mea ...

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Outrunning Inflation to Achieve a Successful Exit in 2022

Rising Levels of High Mental Readiness for an Exit Business owners often-times see exit planning as a complicated, overwhelming, and emotional process. Accordingly, few owners adequately prepare for this significant event. However, an exit plan is essential to help business owners manage the illiquid wealth in their businesses, particularly in turbulent times such as these marked by strife that is present i ...

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Legal Update

April 2022 Two cases from Delaware and New York provide guidance to financial forensics and valuation professionals on the fiduciary duties that managers and directors owe to enterprises. The first case, In re: Multiplan Corp. Stockholders Litigation, is a class action arising from allegedly inadequate disclosure of a merger between a publicly traded special purpose acquisition company (SPAC) and a privatel ...

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Power and Negotiation

Assess the Extent of Real or Attributed Power and Consider the Source of Power to Develop a Negotiation Strategy Power, whether real or perceived, can influence negotiations, and comes from several sources: privilege, intimidation, withholding resources, etc. When preparing for a meeting with others to resolve a controversy or dispute, it is important to consider the power sources of all the participants. T ...

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Competitive Strategy Assessment in Appraisals

What Forces Drive the Competition in the Industry? The author of this article shares his thoughts on the book, Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors. This was a book he had read sections of during his university days, but this time around, read it with a new vantage point considering his education and experiences since then; particularly in the business valuation field. H ...

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Consideration of Goodwill

It is Not Just for Divorce Anymore Personal and enterprise goodwill are not just relevant in marital dissolution cases; they are important considerations in bankruptcy, tax, business succession planning, execution of buy-sell agreements, and transactional matters. These other matters present practitioners with additional ways of differentiating their services. In this article, the author shares the importan ...

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Study Finds Most Physician Plans to be Productivity-Based

RAND Corporation 2022 Study Published in JAMA A study conducted by the RAND Corporation and published in the January 2022 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) seeking to determine whether health systems primarily incentivize volume or value in their physician compensation models found that almost all physicians are still compensated through a volume-based model that rewards produc ...

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Lost Profits

Revisiting the Energy Capital Corp. v United States Case Causation It is important for the research and literature in our field to advance. Books, articles, and presentations help us improve and perfect the work we provide to the courts. It is also important that we review the history of our field to remind us “why we do things the way we do.” When reviewing the Energy Capital Corp. v United States case, fi ...

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