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Fleming Cardiovascular, P.A. v. Commissioner

Qualified Business Appraiser and Appraisal Needed A November 2015 memorandum by the U.S. Tax Court in Fleming Cardiovascular, P.A. v. Commissioner found that the Internal Revenue Services ("IRS") did not abuse its discretion in revoking the Fleming Cardiovascular, P.A. Employee Stock Ownership Plan's ("ESOP") qualified and tax exempt status for failure to operate in accordance with plan documents. Of note, ...

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Legal Research

Where to go to get Case Law Research can be daunting in and of itself. However, researching case law can be overwhelming, especially if you do not have the fanciest databases or are not aware of what is offered on a more economic level. Thankfully, there are tools and resources available to help you find what you are looking for. ...

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Marijuana Dispensaries

Review of BVR’s Special Report on Marijuana Dispensaries What do business valuation advisors and consultants need to know before providing consulting services to marijuana establishments? There are opportunities and challenges; keep in mind that marijuana is listed as a Schedule I Controlled Substance. At the national level, one Presidential candidate introduced the Ending Federal Marijuana Prohibition Act ...

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To Cite or Not to Cite?

Thoughts From the Field on Whether to Cite Legal Precedent in a Report Should a valuation analyst include legal citations in a report? Calculation engagement? In this article, Peter Agrapides, MBA, CVA, shares his thoughts on that question. ...

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Estate of Giustina v. Commissioner

Tax Controversy Insights In matters argued before the U.S. Tax Court, valuation professionals are frequently asked to provide opinions related to the value of closely held businesses and of fractional ownership interests in closely held businesses. This discussion relates to a recent appeal of a U.S. Tax Court decision involving such valuation issues. The case in question is Natale B. Giustina v. Commission ...

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Estate of Richmond v. Commissioner

Guidance on How to Calculate the Built-in Capital Gains Tax?! Estate of Richmond is well known among experienced valuation professionals for at least two reasons. First, the U.S. Tax Court was critical of the experts’ lack of credentials and the fact that the estate submitted an unsigned, marked-up report with the 706. Second, the U.S. Tax Court did not allow a 100 percent BICG tax reduction. Rather, the Co ...

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Kardash v. Commissioner, T.C. Memo. 2015-51

Assessing Solvency, Fraudulent Transfers, and Liability When Distributions are Made to Minority Shareholders The recent U.S. Tax Court case of Kardash v Commissioner, T.C. Memo, 2015–51 provides guidance regarding transferee liability and underscores how valuations are used to determine when and if a subject company is insolvent. The case also summarizes a number of defenses used (and rejected) to counter a ...

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Business Valuation in Divorce Case Law Compendium

At some point in a business valuation analyst’s career, an attorney or pro se party will call asking for a business valuation and perhaps even to retain your services. A good starting point is Business Valuation in Divorce: Case Law Compendium, 2nd ed. This edition is 584 pages long and provides a comprehensive court case digest that emphasizes similarities and differences in the treatment of goodwill (prof ...

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Case Law Update: Recent Delaware Court Cases

Fair value litigation and more The Delaware Chancery Court is considered one of the pre-eminent U.S. courts when it comes to business valuation and governance issues. This article reviews some recent court decisions pertinent to valuation practitioners and which will be discussed in more detail in NACVA’s Federal and State Case Law Update this fall. ...

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Fifth Circuit Vacates 40 Percent Valuation Penalty

What This Means for Appraisers In a new twist involving litigation that impacts valuation analysts, on June 11, 2014, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the Tax Court’s valuation of a historic preservation façade conservation easement, but vacated the Tax Court’s imposition of a gross undervaluation penalty. The latest ruling, as Joe Brophy explains, raises a host of new issues. ...

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Regulation A+: Not for Start-Ups or Early-Stage Companies

Proposed rule amendments for small businesses and additional exemptions under Section 3(b) of the Securities Act On December 18, 2013, the Securities and Exchange Commission released their long-awaited proposed rules on Regulation A+. The amendments to Regulation A were proposed pursuant to Title IV of the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012. The proposed rules are intended to increase access to the ...

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Federal Case Law Update

A summary of recent federal court cases involving gross misstatement of valuation. This month’s federal court case summaries feature seven cases that highlight the recent U.S. Supreme Court decision involving gross misstatement of valuation. In addition, the summary features cases that delineate the consequences to valuation professionals who fail to comply with Tax Court pre-trial orders under Tax Ct. R. 9 ...

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Case Law Update

A help or hinderance? On July 1, 2013, FASB issued exposure drafts calling for public commentary on three proposals that address private company stakeholder concerns. Two proposals involve accounting for identifiable intangible assets and goodwill acquired in business combinations. In this article, Mark Zyla analyzes the proposed changes, including potential concerns, and their far-reaching impact on the in ...

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Huff Investment Partnership v. CKx, Inc.

Now, which approach should one use to value a business? The Delaware Chancery Court in Huff was asked to determine the fair value of shares. The case pitted well-known industry experts, Robert Reilly, of Willamette Management, against Jeffrey Cohen. Each presented different opinions as to fair value. The court decided that the merger price was the fair value. The opinion raises a number of questions includi ...

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Case Law Update

A summary of recent federal and state court cases involving final partner administrative adjustments, mergers, and matrimonial law This month we highlight four cases.  The first is Rovakat, a federal appellate court decision where a claimed redemption was deemed a sale of stock. The In re MFW Shareholder Litigation case involves a motion for summary judgment where a majority of the minority shareholders app ...

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Case Law Update-Federal

Patent damages require thorough analysis and attention to detail This federal case update highlights patent cases where reports or testimony from damages experts were excluded and affirmed.  Regardless of outcome, these cases have a similar theme; it appears that some damage experts should perform a more thorough analysis and pay more attention to detail than they currently do. ...

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State Case Law Summary

Focus on shareholder disputes (slip opinions) Ruggiero v. Ruggiero is a New York Slip Opinion (cannot cite as authority) that is a classic battle of valuation experts.  The opinion  highlights how a New York State judge reached her decision and also provides an opportunity to deliberate and consider what can go wrong when a buy-sell agreement is either not in existence or is considered dated. Breidbart v. W ...

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IRS Issues Rev. Proc. 2013-34

Updated guidance for taxpayers seeking equitable relief from section 66(c) or sec. 6015(f) of the Internal Revenue Code Revenue Procedure 2013-34 provides update guidance regarding the circumstances under which equitable relief will be granted. It supersedes Rev. Proc. 2003-61 and makes significant changes to when and how relief will be considered and granted. ...

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Delaware LLC Operating Agreement Sets Forth the Ownership Interest

Failure to make capital contributions did not void the operating agreement or reduce the ownership interest of non-complying partners In Grove v Brown, the Delaware Court of Chancery, relying on the unambiguous terms of a limited liability company (LLC) operating agreement, found that a member’s failure to make an initial capital contribution to a LLC did not affect that member’s ownership interest.   Furth ...

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Case Law Update: Real Estate Appraisal and Government Contracts

A closer look at real estate appraisal and government contracts A wife sells her portion of interest in a law firm in an arm’s length transaction and the timing and circumstances are questioned with regard to marital property. Adhering to cost accounting standards within government contracts and real estate valuation issues are reviewed in the latest Case Law Update. ...

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